Welcome to Paris

The City of Paris

Paris, undoubtably one of the most beautiful cities of Europe, if not of the world…

Paris is the capital of France, located in the Ile-de-France region. It has more than 2,000,000 inhabitants, suburbs not included. In the entire region, the Métropôle du Grand Paris, there are over 10 million inhabitants. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of the world’s major centres of diplomacy, finance, commerce, culture, fashion and gastronomy. For its leading role in the arts and sciences, as well as its extensive and early system of street lighting (in the 19th century), it became known as the “City of Light”.

About Paris

Paris is located on the banks of the Seine river.

A sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones,  the Parisii,  inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. They traded with many river towns (some as far away as the Iberian Peninsula) and minted their own coins.

The Romans conquered the Paris Basin in 52 BC and began their settlement on Paris’s Left Bank (Rive Gauche). The Romans named their town Lutetia (more fully, Lutetia Parisiorum, “Lutetia of the Parisii”, modern French Lutèce). It became a prosperous city with a forum, baths, temples, theatres, and an amphitheatre.

By the end of the Western Roman Empire, the town was known as Parisius, a Latin name that would later become Paris in French. Christianity was introduced in the middle of the 3rd century AD by Saint Denis, the first Bishop of Paris. According to legend, when he refused to renounce his faith before the Roman occupiers, he was beheaded on the hill which became known as Mons Martyrum (Latin for “Hill of Martyrs”), later “Montmartre”, from where he walked headless to the north of the city; the place where he fell and was buried became an important religious shrine, the Basilica of Saint-Denis. Many French kings are buried there.

Clovis the Frank, the first king of the Merovingian dynasty, made the city his capital from 508. Fortification of the Île de la Cité failed to avert sacking by Vikings in 845, but Paris’s strategic importance (with its bridges preventing ships from passing) was established by successful defence in the Siege of Paris (885–886).  Paris gradually became the largest and most prosperous city in France and is one of the few world capitals that has rarely seen destruction by catastrophe or war.

Copyright: Wikipedia

Things to see and do in Paris

There are many tourist attractions in Paris, too many to name them all.
The most important ones are:

Monuments and Buildings:

  • The Eiffel Tower
  • The Arc de Triomphe
  • Les Invalides
  • The Élysée, the official residence of the president of the French republic
  • The Conciergerie
  • The Panthéon
  • Hôtel de Ville (City Hall of Paris)
  • The Grande Arche in the business district of La Défense
  • The Palais de Chaillot, built for the World Expo in 1937
  • The Palais du Luxembourg
  • The Grand Palais
  • Opéra Garnier
  • The Palais Royal

Churches and Cathedrals:

  • The Église de la Madeleine
  • The Église de la Sainte-Trinité
  • The Église Saint-Eustache
  • The Saint-Germain-des-Prés, the oldest church in Paris
  • The Église Saint-Julien-le-Pauvre
  • The Église Saint-Sulpice, a 17th century church in the Saint-Germain district
  • The Église Saint-Vincent-de-Paul
  • The Notre-Dame de Paris
  • The Sacré-Cœur
  • Val-de-Grâce


Copyright: Wikimedia (Arthur Weidmann)
  • The Opéra Bastille
  • The Opéra Garnier
  • the Opéra Comique
  • The Théâtre des Champs-Élysées
  • The Théâtre de l’Odéon
  • The Cité de la musique (City of Music)
  • The Salle Pleyel

Famous Shopping Streets:

  • The Champs-Élysées
  • The Boulevard Haussmann
  • Rue de Rivoli
  • Avenue Montaigne
  • Boulevard des Italiens
  • Rue du Faubourg-Saint Honoré


  • The Louvre: the largest museum in Paris and one of the most famous and largest museums in the world.
  • The Musée d’Orsay: a museum about the French arts between 1848 and 1914
  • The Centre Pompidou: centre for modern art
  • The Cité des sciences et de l’industrie: Europe’s largest science museum
  • The Musée Picasso: a museum with art of the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso
  • The Musée de l’Orangerie: an art gallery of impressionist and post-impressionist paintings
  • The Hôtel des Invalides: museum known for the tomb of Napoleon Bonaparte

Restaurants and Cuisine:

Paris has been famous for its restaurants and haute cuisine since the late 18th century. Owing to Paris’s cosmopolitan population, today, every French regional cuisine and almost every national cuisine in the world can be found there. The city has more than 9,000 restaurants.

  • Le Grand Véfour
  • Rocher de Cancale
  • Maxim’s
  • Ledoyen
  • L’Ambroisie
  • Café Procope
  • Café de la Rotonde
  • Les Deux Magots
  • And many more…

Other Places and Buildings:

  • The Parc des Princes, the stadium of football club Paris Saint-Germain
  • Les Halles, Paris’ central fresh food market
  • The cemeteries Cimetière du Père-Lachaise, Cimetière de Montmartre, Cimetière du Montparnasse and the Catacombs of Paris
  • The Sorbonne, located in the Quartier Latin, one of Europe’s oldest universities

Places of Interest near Paris:

  • The Palace of Versailles
  • The Palace of Fontainebleau
  • Disneyland Paris